fertility

How Does Diabetes Cause Infertility?


Diabetes mellitus is characterized by elevated levels of glucose in the blood and, if left unchecked , can affect the fertility of man in several ways. 

The first step in controlling diabetes is to eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly. If this is not enough, you may need to take medications or insulin injections.

 

Generally, the treatment of diabetes is sufficient to restore fertility .  

It is advisable to perform a sperm DNA fragmentation test before beginning any assisted reproduction treatment , since diabetes mellitus damages sperm DNA and a high index of fragmentation could affect the success rates of these procedures.

 

Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use it properly. Insulin is a hormone necessary to transform sugar, starch and other foods into the energy we require for our daily lives.

According to data from the World Health Organization, diabetes mellitus affects 200 million people worldwide, and it is estimated that by 2030 there will be 366 million diabetics.

 

Main Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus:

The main symptoms of diabetes mellitus are:

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Causes of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus occurs because the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use it properly.

Some factors that increase the likelihood of getting diabetes include:

  • Be over 45 years old
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Bad eating habits
  • Obesity
  • Resistance to insulin
  • Arterial hypertension
  • Cholesterol and high triglycerides

It is important to note that diabetes can be hereditary and men with parents or siblings who have it are more likely to develop diabetes.

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How is Diabetes Mellitus Diagnosed?

In addition to a physical examination and study of the patient’s medical history, it is necessary to perform a fasting blood glucose test. A person with a blood glucose level of 126 mg / dl or higher has diabetes and should receive treatment.

 

It is necessary for people with diabetes mellitus to have regular tests to make sure that their glucose levels are under control.

If you have had problems conceiving and you are overweight or some of your relatives have diabetes, it is advisable to have a blood test to rule this disease.

 

Treatments to Achieve Fertility When You Have Diabetes Mellitus

The first step in controlling diabetes is to eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly. If this is not enough to keep your blood sugar levels under control, you may need to Get Our Diabetes Treatment Pack Here.

 

Generally, the treatment of diabetes is sufficient to restore fertility. Diabetics under good medical control, with good body weight and normal glucose and blood cholesterol levels usually have better semen and ejaculate normally.

 

Diabetes affects the fertility levels of both men and women, resulting in difficulties in procreation as well as instability in the couple.

Now, let us see how it affects each one:

Infertility in Women:

Diabetes produces hormonal changes, which often causes menarche (delayed menstrual period), as well as the acceleration in the onset of menopause, which generates a shortening in the fertility cycle.

In addition, it is important to bear in mind that when combined with diabetes, obesity problems result in failure of ovarian function.

 

Women with uncontrolled diabetes may have ovulation problems or be more prone to cervico-vaginal infections. Similarly, elevated sugar levels increase the risk of miscarriage and can cause birth defects in the fetus or even lead to excessive growth (macrosomia) and lead to complications in childbirth.

 

Infertility in Men

Diabetes also reduces the level of reproduction in men, as the genetic material of their sperm is more fragmented due to high glucose levels, as demonstrated in a British study, which showed the DNA of men with and without Diabetes.

Hyperglycemia precisely increases the presence of free radicals in the body, which cause genetic damage to the sperm. Above all, sperm DNA ages prematurely.

Diabetes mellitus is characterized by elevated levels of glucose in the blood and if not controlled can affect the fertility of man in several ways:

 

a. About 50 percent of men with diabetes have erectile dysfunction
b. Causes ejaculatory disorders like retrograde ejaculation and anejaculation
c. It affects the production of testosterone and, therefore, the quality of spermatozoa
d. Diabetics have a 60 percent greater rate of sperm DNA fragmentation. An egg fertilized by a spermatozoon with fragmented DNA is less likely to become a healthy embryo and successfully implanted in the uterus, which translates into a higher incidence of miscarriages.
e. When the disease is not controlled, there is a progressive decrease in the mobility of spermatozoa , as well as a higher rate of alterations in their form

 

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, then the best time to treat it is right now so it doesn’t affect your reproduction. Do you want to get rid of diabetes, CLICK HERE TO GET OUR DIABETES PACK.

 

Do you want to get pregnant? CLICK HERE TO GET OUR FERTILITY PACK

 

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